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Western History Collections

Cyrus Kingsbury Collection 

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This collection consists of correspondence to and from the Reverend Cyrus Kingsbury, missionary to the Choctaw Nation in the 1800s, and superintendent of missions schools within that Nation. 

All materials are oversized photocopies.

Folder 1: Correspondence and reports regarding the Choctaw Nation in an official capacity from the Reverend Cyrus Kingsbury.

1. Federal peacekeeping troops inside Choctaw Nation, government policies, tribal interpolitics, and the Indians' removal. Mayhew, C.N.: Nov. 24, 1830.

2. Status of schools within Choctaw Nation. To the Choctaw Delegation from J.C. Calhoun of the War Department, Dec. 3, 1824.

3. Deteriorating relations between the Choctaws and the missions schools, especially at Bethany. To the Chiefs of the Choctaw Nation, from the Office of Indian Affairs of the Department of War, Oct. 21, 1825.

4. Report: "Changes in the Choctaw Nation during the Last Eighty Years," by Reverend C. Byington. 1852.

5. Progress report on the missions schools, signed by William Word (Choctaw Agent), William Goche, John Hersey, and Wiley Ledbetter. Choctaw Nation, Mar. 11, 1824.

6. "An Act Providing for the System of Public Instruction in the Choctaw Nation." n.d.

7. Choctaw agreement to remove west of the Mississippi. To Thomas L. McKinney in the Office of Indian Affairs in Washington City, from Cyrus Kingsbury. Mar. 22, 1830.

8. Debates on whether the missionaries may be present at the treaty grounds during the signing of the removal treaty between the Choctaw Nation and the United States. Several letters, Sept. 1830.

9. Clippings, titled "For the Choctaws--read and circulate." Re: Choctaw constitution and laws. 1857.

10. An apology for past bad occurrences and hope for better future relations between the A.B.C.F.M. and the Choctaw Nation. To the Prudential Committee of the A.B.C.F.M. Boston from the chiefs and trustees of the Choctaw Nation.

11. Extracts from the laws of the Choctaw General Council passed at the session of 1853.

12. (Difficult to read--undetermined content). To the Council of the Choctaw Nation from Miss Homb, Aug. 1, 1854.

13. Discontinuance of missionaries' activities among the Choctaws.


Folder 2. Correspondence to and from the Reverend David Greene, from Reverend Cyrus Kingsbury.

1. Status of missionary efforts in the old and new Nations and discussion of their worth; the deteriorating religious convictions of the Choctaws, the need for male and female boarding schools, and the feeble health of Mrs. Kingsbury. Pine Ridge: Nov. 22, 1839.

2. Statistical reports. To D.G., Pine Ridge: July 22, 1839.

3. Report on the school. Pine Ridge: Aug. 10, 1847.

4. Location of Chiwalla and Koonsha female seminaries. Pine Ridge: June 29, 1843.

5. Business and personal affairs of Mr. Auten. Pine Ridge: May 7, 1843.

6. Affairs of Mr. Auten, and C.K.'s reluctance to begin a new station among the Choctaws due to his "advanced age." Pine Ridge: Aug. 14, 1838.

7. Cyrus Kingsbury visits a Delaware tribal settlement, reports his position and neighborhood unstable and his worries concerning this, and his "severe" sickness. Pine Ridge: Jan. 24, 1838.

8. The locating of Chiwalla and Koonsha female seminaries, and Miss Crosby's death. Pine Ridge: Jan. 23, 1844.

9. Mrs. Kingsbury's travels, Cyrus Kingsbury makes improvements at Pine Ridge, and the placing of the Chiwalla and Koonsha schools. Pine Ridge: Nov. 23, 1843.

10. Cyrus Kingsbury asks the board for permission to send his wife to New England to visit an ailing sister, and to visit their sons in Marietta. Eagle Town: Feb. 14, 1839.

11. The finding of fossils in Boggy River, Mrs. Kingsbury desires to travel to New England to find additional labor for the school, and the Choctaw's feeling the schools in the old nation were better than after the removal. Pine Ridge: Feb. 9, 1844.

12. Size of the district assigned C.K., and its various tribal components. Aug. 1841.

13. Location of the Chiwalla and Koonsha seminaries, and a description of Kingsbury's work overload and duties, as well as a reference to "seasoning," that process by which newcomers had to adjust to the climate of the Red River Valley. Pine Ridge: Feb. 21, 1844.

14. Statement of decision of the General Council of the Choctaw Nation to locate the Chiwalla and Koonsha seminaries in their appointed places. Long Creek, Rocky Hill, Pushmataha District: May 15, 1843.

15. Affairs concerning Wheelock station, and the establishment of new stations.

16. The needs of the various schools and a list of the administrators assigned them. Pine Ridge: May 12, 1843.

17. The needs of the various schools and a list of the administrators assigned them--a report. 1837.

18. Removal of missionaries from Creek Nation, schools in Kiamichi District, and the unavailability of additional teachers. Pine Ridge: Dec. 19, 1836.

19. Mr. Walton, and the selling of missions. Mayhew: Sept. 5, 1833.

20. Report of the Chuahla Female Seminary. Pine Ridge: Aug. 1846.

21. William Armstrong, agent for Indian removal, and his value appraisal of mission stations. Mayhew: Sept. 27, 1833.

22. Fort Towson and the garrison there, death of Lieut. Bamwell's wife, Fort Gibson, temperance society at the Fort, morals of the men there, and the status of religion both at the Fort and with the Choctaws. Pine Ridge: May 4, 1837.

23. Report on the schools and church. Pine Ridge: Aug. 9, 1836.

24. Where the Kingsburys will settle within the Choctaw Nation. Apr. 26, 1836.

25. Improvements in Old Choctaw Nation, the replacement of Major Armstrong. Washington City: Oct. 30, 1835.

26. Death of Major Armstrong, subject of African-American colonization of Liberia, West Africa; and the enrolling of his sons as students in Marietta College. Marietta: Oct. 10, 1835.

27. Opening the doors of civilization to the Indians. Columbus: Aug. 27, 1835.

28. Possible preparations for the service west of the Mississippi. Columbus: July 8, 1835.

29. Major Armstrong's hopes of confining different denominations to respective area of the territory, and his plans for leaving for Marietta, Ohio. Columbus: Mar. 18, 1835.

30. Sorry state of the Sac and Fox Tribes and doubts that missionary activities could improve their lots. St. Louis: July 23, 1834.

31. Future of Mayhew and missions grounds in the Old Choctaw Nation. Columbus: Nov. 22, 1833.

32. Perils of travel in the Red River country, milage from Fort Towson and Mountain Fork, Choctaw Agency, the funding of the printing of Choctaw books, and the obstacles created by Mr. Williams. Dwight: Jan. 1834.

33. Improvements made to missions grounds in the Old Choctaw Nation.

34. Statistics on the improvements affected at missions in the Old Choctaw Nation. Near Memphis: Oct. 23, 1833.


Folder 3. Letters concerning slavery--its benefits and its evils. The letters inventoried below are only several of many letters in this collection concerning slavery. The rest are for the most part in the S.B. Treat folder (Folder #5).

1. Formal application for release from the Board, the possibility that the Choctaws might submit to land surveys and the influx of whites which would result, the Choctaw sentiment that the slaves are better off than themselves. Pine Ridge: Feb. 17, 1860.

2. Importance of missions schools in spreading the Gospel, the Methodists' operations, the unworkability of the idea of the Choctaw missions ridding themselves of slavery. Pine Ridge: Mar. 3, 1847.

3. Necessity of acquiring a new teacher, the duties of Kingsbury and his wife and slave, views on emancipation. Pine Ridge: Dec. 27, 1844.

4. Tour of settlements on the Boggy and Blue Rivers, the visit of Cyrus' sons, John Parker and Cyrus, Jr., and religious slaves. Pine Ridge: Dec. 10, 1840.

5. The Board's special committee on antislavery memorials, the annual meeting of the Board, discussion of wicked elements of slave system, the idea that slavery and gospel cannot coexist side by side, and Dr. Bacon's resolution concerning slavery. To Reverend Kingsbury from undetermined source. Boston: Nov. 18, 1845.

6. Memorial to mission churches holding slaves as seen in the Missionary Herald -- a rebut. Signed: David Greene. 1844.

7. The lack of regard shown for the spirits and interests of the slaves. Pine Ridge: Apr. 23, 1861.

8. History of the Choctaw Mission, its relations to slavery, and the feelings of the missionaries regarding the peculiar institution.


Folder 4. Correspondence and reports from Captain David Folsom.

1. Statistics of the Mayhew farm and business. Mayhew: 1828.

2. Several letters from various persons, all dated 1819. Various cities of address.

3. Undetermined material content. Pigeon Roost: May 4, 1823.

4. Letter of thanks to Mr. Burnham. Pigeon Roost: May 4, 1823.

5. Several letters from various persons, all dated 1819. Various cities of address; among them Mitchell's Stand and Madison County, A.T.


Folder 5. Correspondence and reports to Reverend S.B. Treat, from Reverend Cyrus Kingsbury. Treat was the Secretary of the American Board.

1. Posthumous praise of the deceased Brother Lester, a former black slave. Pine Ridge: Apr. 23, 1867.

2. Separation of Kingsbury's mission from the Board, the overwhelming want of whites within the C.N. to expel the Indians as they were in Mississippi, the overrunning of the Choctaw Nation by whites, and white demands that the Indians survey and sell their lands, and the awful condition of the Indians. Pine Ridge: Apr. 20, 1860.

3. Problems caused by the murderous and rebellious fellow missionary Mr. Chamberlain, the muddled affairs of his church, his part in the burning of Mr. Byington's church, and Kingsbury's good feelings toward the board regarding the separation of the mission. Pine Ridge: Apr. 2, 1860.

4. Explanation of the surprising course taken in the "late, unhappy war," why the missionaries chose to remain in the Choctaw Nation through the war and not leave, repudiation of reports that the missionaries were in charge of the Choctaw secession movement to break ties with the United States, the advice of the missionaries that the Choctaws should be united despite whose side they joined, the persecution of the missionaries and threats and attempts to hang them, the continuance of their work throughout the war, Kingsbury's relief that slavery was ended, and the need to protect the freed slaves. Pine Ridge: Dec. 4, 1865.

5. The death of Mrs. Kingsbury and the return of their sons home to their mother's deathbed, report on his health, his remaining missionary activities, report on the feeble health of Mr. Byington and the Hotchkins and Pliney Fisk. Pine Ridge: Dec. 4, 1865.

6. Resolutions concerning Pine Ridge and Kingsbury's other duties there as adopted by the brethren of the mission. Fort Towson: Apr. 19, 1848.

7. A lengthy account of the problems surrounding Mr. and Mrs. Breed, and of their ineptitude. Fort Towson: Nov. 24, 1848.

8. Report on the state of the school, especially of the destruction of the tornado. Pine Ridge: June 30, 1849.

9. Report of the Stockbridge Boarding School. 1848.

10. Report on the churches and seminary. 1850.

11. Near-fatal sickness of Brother Byington. Pine Ridge: Aug. 19, 1858.

12. Attending the Synod at Memphis as a delegate of the Indian Presbytery, visiting his son in the same trip after fifteen years. Near Keosauqua on the Des Moines, Iowa: Nov. 13, 1853.

13. Major fire destroys principal missions supply post, Kingsbury's son loses thousands of dollars in the fire. July 20, 1853.

14. Arrival of son and daughter-in-law, Cyrus and Lucy. Pine Ridge: Dec. 14, 1858.

15. Two letters relating the deaths of Miss Elizabeth Dwight and a servant. Pine Ridge: Mar. 21 and 22, 1859.

16. Report on the condition of the members of the mission. Pine Ridge: May 23, 1853.

17. A frank declaration that the General Council ruling to break the Choctaw public schools from the American Board would not be supported by the Choctaw people if they knew of it. Bennington, Blue County, C.N.: Apr. 7, 1859. From Joseph P. Folsom.

18. Several letters concerning the business of breaking away from the American Board. All dated 1859.

19. Refusal of Kingsbury and Byington to accept the retirement pension offer of the American Board. Pine Ridge: Dec. 2, 1859.

20. Offer of the American Board to provide retirement pension for Kingsbury and Byington. Boston: July 28, 1859.

21. Statement of the options available to Kingsbury and Byington upon the termination of American Board activities in the C.N., the missionaries' relations with the Board, all effective as of this date. Boston: July 28, 1859.

22. Report on the missions. Pine Ridge: July 4, 1859.

23. Missionaries' response to the statement of the Board issued from Detroit in reference to the "embarrassment of the missions in the C.N. represent," and their relations to slavery. Yakni Okchaya, C.N.: Dec. 24, 1858.

24. Statement declaring Choctaws' officials' wish to as quickly as possible relieve the American Board of its embarrassing ties to the Choctaw Nation. Choctaw Nation: Dec. 6, 1858.

25. Political troubles abound, letter from Lewis Tappan to Dr. Hopkins, the mistaken views of New Englanders regarding the slave states, the little danger of the C.N. adopting slavery, the discovery of the Choctaws that the white man's word is not to be trusted, Choctaw Nation papers presenting the missionaries' stance on slavery, the view that if northern advice had been followed the Choctaw Nation would then be a slave state, the fact that slaves in the Choctaw Nation are not in a despicable condition as some in the north would believe, slavery's intense evil, the numbers within the congregation which are slaves, and Kingsbury's response to the protestations of Lewis Tappan and the New Englanders. Pine Ridge: Oct. 18, 1858.

26. The attempted voting of the new Doaksville Constitution and Washington's refusal to allow it, general Choctaw sentiment against the missionaries and the feeling that the root of all problems is abolitionism, and of the blacks' continued faithfulness and support. Pine Ridge: July 17, 1858.

27. Confusion of the voting operations between the old and new Choctaw constitution, the illegitimacy and virtual paralysis of the government, the growing anarchy throughout parts of the Choctaw Nation, the people as in a calm before the storm, Israel Folsom's claim that the A.B.F.M.B. is abolitionist and his travels to Washington to present this view, the problems with the new constitution concerning the bringing of slaves into the Choctaw Nation, and the move to extend state of territorial government over the Choctaw Nation. Pine Ridge: Mar. 1, 1858.

28. An answer to the letter of the Prudential Committee: their inability to withdraw their letter of resignation, their views concerning slavery, and their reasons for not withdrawing their resignation. Lenox: Sept. 6, 1856.

29. Missionaries carrying on work among slaves, and the separation of the missions from the Board. Pine Ridge: Nov. 28, 1855.

30. Letter to the Prudential Committee instructing it to either withdraw all past legislation concerning slavery and give up all control of it to the missionaries or accept their resignation. Signed Cyrus Kingsbury, Cyrus Byington, Ebenezer Hotchkin, Oliver P. Starke, Charles C. Copeland, and John Edwards. Bennington: Apr. 15, 1856.

31. Requests that the relations between the Board and the mission be broken, in a peaceful manner if possible. Pine Ridge: Nov. 13, 1855. Signed by Cyrus Kingsbury, Cyrus Byington, Ebenezer Hotchkin, Oliver P. Starke.

32. Cyrus Kingsbury did not present Treat's letter to the Choctaw Council, hopes the slavery issue will not become agitated. Pine Ridge: Jan. 30, 1855.

33. The action regarding the "late Choctaw law relating to the boarding schools," taken by the Board at Hartford, the despair of the friend of the slave in the south as to the rift between them and northerners, and the potentiality of missions work among the slaves. Pine Ridge: Aug. 14, 1854.

34. The tendency of Southern slaveholders to regard all antislavery movements as abolitionism due to the Board's publication, the Board's legislation only seen from the northern view, the prejudice created by the Board among Southerners against the missionaries. Pine Ridge: Aug. 14, 1854.

35. The missionaries' reputations as abolitionists, the response to the Board's request that the missions declare their sentiments regarding slavery to be those of the Board's. Pine Ridge: Aug. 3, 1854.

36. The Choctaw request that the missionaries give up the schools and the missionaries' relief at receiving the request, the radical elements such as Col. Pitchlynn and Israel Folsom, Kingsbury's charge that nine-tenths of the Choctaws show no interest in slavery. Pine Ridge: Apr. 25, 1854.

37. Goodwater School, the dangers inherent with then being considered abolitionists. Pine Ridge: Feb. 1, 1854.

38. Abolitionism, the success of the new school system, and the reasons for its initial inauguration. Pine Ridge: Feb. 21, 1854.

39. The new school law, the secession of Mr. Israel Folsom from the church due to differences on the slavery question and his joining the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, the secession of the District Col. George Folsom to do the same, Col. Pitchlynn and his frequent labeling of the mission as "antislavery, the plans by the nation's aristocracy to send their children to schools in surrounding states, the mission's fine status and their position of educating the poor, the problems of the Baptists at least as bad as theirs concerning the new law. Pine Ridge: Dec. 27, 1853. Signed: Cyrus Kingsbury, Cyrus Byington, Committee on Missions.

40. Response to a boardmember's letter published in the Prairie Herald which wrongly stated the stance of the missions concerning slavery, and their true views of slavery, their views of slaveholders, the Apostles' views on slavery, Signed: Cyrus Kingsbury, Alfred Wright, Committee. Choctaw Nation: Apr. 30, 1851.

41. Visit of Dr. Worchester to Mayhew, their relations to the Board in the face of slavery, the activities of the Board promoting practical emancipation of the colored race, all the aspects of slavery. Signed: inbehalf of the brethren of the Choctaw Mission, Cyrus Kingsbury, chairman. Stockbridge: Apr. 14, 1849.

42. Duplicate of item #41 above, with the exception of being penned by a different author.

43. Acknowledgement of the Board's explanation of Dr. Pomoroy's letter, the necessity of more sedate northern feelings concerning slavery before missionaries can help the condition of the slave. Pine Ridge: July 21, 1851.

44. Kingsbury's journey to Iowa to see his children, the case of Mr. Morrison, Mr. Beal, Mr. Town, and George Freeman who was liberated by Kingsbury, choosing to live with him. Mount Pleasant: Jan. 21, 1851.

45. Uncle Simon and his wishes to go to Liberia, the emancipation efforts of slaves George Freeman and Dick Folsom, the proposed African expedition.

46. Response to Prudential Committee inquiries concerning the mission's relations to slavery, the number of slaves working at the mission and the happy state of these slaves, Samuel J. Miles, the happy state of negroes enjoying the Gospel by virtue of their employment at the missions. Pine Ridge: Aug. 4, 1851.

47. Missionaries and slavery. Signed: Elizabeth Backus. Wheelock: May 8, 1854.

48. Two letters on same sheet: the aligning of the Cumberland denomination leaders against the missions since 1848. Pine Ridge: Apr. 5, 1859.

49. Lack of civil government in the Choctaw Nation, the unwillingness of the so-called leaders to abide by the Constitution of 1857, the Doaksville Constitutional convention, discussions concerning abolishing the position of governor, the problems enveloping Kansas. Pine Ridge: May 31, 1858.

50. Small minority electing the General Council who is under the influence of Arkansas lawyers, Congressional actions concerning the Territorial Bill and the need to delay such action, the unfair aspects of this Territorial Bill, Kingsbury's 73rd birthday this day. Pine Ridge: Nov. 23, 1858.

51. A synopsis of Kingsbury's academic career at the mission. Pine Ridge: Jan. 2, 1854.

52. Annual report. June 1851.

53. Report. Pine Ridge: 1852.

54. Annual Report. Pine Ridge: July 1853.

55. Annual report. Pine Ridge: July 5, 1853.

56. Loss of two teachers to feeble health, Miss Bennett and Miss Goulding and her death in Massachusetts, statistics concerning missions operations. Pine Ridge: July 1, 1858.

57. Rumors of the possibility of the formation of a slave state "west of Arkansas," Kingsbury's opinions that such action could be highly probable and rather soon at that. Pine Ridge: Aug. 14, 1857.

58. Annual report: Pine Ridge: July 1, 1856.

59. Annual report: Pine Ridge: July 4, 1855.

60. Annual report. Pine Ridge: June 1854.


Folder 6. Correspondence and reports to Reverend Jeremiah Evarts, Secretary of the American Board, from Reverend Cyrus Kingsbury.

1. Creek Path, the Potters, John Arch, number of scholars in Mayhew. Moulton, Alabama: May 25, 1822.

2. Questions put forth to J. Evarts, with answers concerning the schools, preparations for an establishment in the Six Towns area, and questions regarding Mayhew, Newell, and general concerns. May 17, 1822.

3. Report of a meeting of the Brethren of Chahta Mission. Sept. 14, 1826.

4. Statement of receipts and disbursements of the Choctaw Mission, for the year ending July 31, 1830.

5. Mrs. Hille's arguments against Cyrus Kingsbury returning to missions. Unreadable text beyond the first two paragraphs. Hanover: July 11, 1829.

6. Death of Brother Hooper at Elliot, the illness of the Howes' child, Mrs. Smith and Mr. Wood. 1828.

7. New station near Col. Folsom's, the deserted station near Col. Folsom's, Bethany and Bethel stations' disposal, facts surrounding the new station near Col. Folsom's, the conditions relative to Mr. Byington's removal, Airkhuna. Mayhew: Aug. 12, 1828.

8. Mr. Mucomber, conversation with Col. LeFlore (chief of the Western district), Mr. Brashears. Mayhew: Aug. 23, 1828.

9. Inventory of items needed from Boston for the missions. Elliot: Oct. 7, 1819.

10. Debate concerning amount of funding to be directed toward the missions, extract of letter from the Secretary of War to Mr. Ward (agent of the U.S. government to the Choctaws) regarding the funding dispute. From J.C. Calhoun, Secretary of War, Department of War: Oct. 2, 1825.

11. Bill of articles to be sent from Boston to Elliot, and death of a visitor from Connecticut named George Beckwith. Sept. 1820.

12. Financial records for the year ending Dec. 31, 1819. Elliot: Jan. 29, 1820.

13. Letter from Mr. Washburn concerning the placing of absolute dependence of Dr. W. to have the money due to them in the bank by Oct. 1; sickness of the family of Dr. Washburn, additional inventory of items needed at the missions. Mayhew: Oct. 5, 1821.

14. Account of expenditures for labor in 1822, remarks explaining the expenditures for labor at Mayhew in 1823. Mayhew: June 24, 1823.

15. Treaty effected concerning the land west of the Mississippi, funds allotted by the treaty for educating Indian children in the new western lands. From David Folsom in the City of Washington: Jan. 19, 1825.

16. Bad health of William Prion. Mayhew: Oct. 7, 1825.

17. Extract of a letter from Reverend Hugh Coldwell to Mr. Guandy in Nashville TN, dated Mayhew: July 17, 1829. Re: missions schools at Elliot and Mayhew, instruction in the Chata language, and worth of the schools. Also included is a letter from the parents of children in the missions schools thanking the schools. Elliot: June 27, 1829.

18. Report of the Female School at Mayhew. Mayhew: July 1826.

19. Surprise at some of the statements in the report of the Secretary of War regarding the treaty with the Choctaws, accusation of misrepresentation and deception by the report, and the unfairness to the Indians. Mayhew: Jan. 1831.

20. To the missionaries among the Choctaw people, a request by the Choctaws that the missionaries follow them to their new home in the West. Signed by Robert Folsom, Ta Ho Ka Ya, Tushkiatubbee, George Hudson, Ben Wright, Hantona, John Folsom, Deerbone, Noah Wall, Samuel Folsom, Yemanta, Israel Folsom. Choctaw Nation: Mar. 19, 1831. explanation that the above letter was written without the missionaries suggestion.

21. Delay in the return of Mr. Williams, the perpetual intoxication of Captain R. Folsom, the letter to Mr. Bliss, and a partial schedule of departure of the various groups of Choctaws to the West. To Mr. David Greene. Mayhew: Sept. 26, 1831.

22. Conversation with Col. Folsom and his views that less than a thousand Choctaws have departed westward and their wish not to go, the possibility some are in hiding in the Mississippi Swamp, Col. LeFlore's involvement, the probable contest for the title of Principal Chief between LeFlore and Folsom, and burden of the state debt laws being extended over the nation, the safe arrival of Ambler and Joslin, Cyrus' worries about the results of the election. Mayhew: Dec. 25, 1830.

23. Sorry state of the Indians, the ruin of the nation, the good standing of the Chiefs, the dissatisfaction of the warriors, the instability of LeFlore and Folsom, Mr. McDonald's visit and accusations that the Secretary of War threatened the unwilling Choctaws into making a treaty, the departure of Dr. Talley and company to the west, Mayhew: Oct. 11, 1830.

24. Hopes that U.S. Senate will not ratify the treaty, the nation in mourning, the decline of any religious feeling. Aiikhuna: Oct. 16, 1830.

25. The treaty, the opposition of the delegates to the treaty, threats by the Secretary of War to end assistance and friendship on the part of the U.S.A., the accusation that 2/3rds of the delegates had gone when a vote was called due to their impression there was no treaty, Col. Folsom's objection to the treaty, the forced removal of a Methodist missionary because of his opposition to the treaty. Mayhew: Nov. 17, 1830.

26. Notification of the signing of the Choctaw treaty ceding the eastern nation, and the armtwisting involved. Mayhew: Sept. 29, 1830.

27. The abandoning of efforts to make LeFlore chief of the Choctaw Nation, the anger of old Chief Musheletubbie, the Christian party's selection of Col. Folsom as its leader. Mayhew: July 13, 1830.

28. The Christian Party, continuing strength of Col. Folsom, the action by Christians in the Chickasha and Six Towns areas to appoint Col. Garland their chief for defensive purposes, the idea of the Board discontinuing the schools. Mayhew: July 13, 1830.

29. The forcing of Chief Mushulatubi to resign his office by the private army assembled by Col. LeFlore, the status of the Gospel, Brother Byington's views, Mayhew: July 26, 1830. To Henry Hill; and previously attached to item #28.

30. The status of religion in the confused times, the Methodists' efforts to bring all education funds of the nation under control, and the sorry state of the nation. Mayhew: May 9, 1830.

31. Statement by Agent to the Choctaws that their standard of living has improved drastically, the beginning of the Nation to live like "white people." To Kingsbury from W. Ward, U.S. agent for the Choctaws. Choctaw Agency: May 7, 1830.

32. Receipt of a letter from Washington; news from the treaty bearer, Mr. Haley, that it was submitted to the President; Col. Leflore's opposition to removal until induced by U.S. government agents, the resignation of Col. Folsom and Col. Garland at the general council and the naming of LeFlore as principal chief, the devotion of the Methodists to Col. LeFlore, Col. Folsom's confidence in the Methodists rather than Kingsbury's missionaries, and the Methodists' actions in some districts. Mayhew: May 6, 1830.

33. The Choctaws at the mercy of their leaders, Brother Bardwell's sons enroute to the north, U.S. government threats to bring Choctaws under state laws if they do not remove westward, government agent efforts to have the Chickasaw and Choctaw Nations to send plenipotentiaries to Franklin near Nashville to conclude treaties, Choctaws currently in council to determine a response. Mayhew: Aug. 11, 1830.

34. Disruptions, within several districts, and the disputes over chiefs within. To Rich M. Johnson from David Folsom. Chata Nation: Dec. 10, 1829.

35. Bill in Mississippi legislature to extend absolute and arbitrary jurisdiction over the Indians within the state, its passage, Kingsbury's shame and embarrassment of the U.S.A., the face of its "wicked" removal plans, Mississippi's actions even worse than those of Georgia, the inevitability of removal. Mayhew: Feb. 15, 1830.

36. The President's wishes for the Choctaws and his declaration of being their great friend and of his wish that they go under territorial government to put them on an equal footing with other American citizens. Madison County: Nov. 24, 1829. Signed by D.N. Haley. Attached is one letter to D.N. Haley from President Andrew Jackson concerning the Choctaws. Washington City: Oct. 15, 1829.

37. Sorrow that the President heard untrue reports of the Choctaws, and he believed them. To Col. William Ward, Chahta Yokie: Nov. 7, 1829.

38. Statistics of church attendance. Mayhew: July 23, 1829.

39. Statements of receipts and disbursements. Mayhew: Oct. 1829.

40. Annual report of 1827. Mayhew: Aug. 13, 1827.

41. Communication with the Prudential Committee respecting the votes on slavery, the attitudes of mission brethren regarding slaves and slave labor, the sickness of Kingsbury's little boy, Kingsbury's belief that it is practical to do without slave labor, the friendliness of Captain Folsom. Mayhew: Oct. 4, 1826.

42. Brother Smiths' vicious attack of diarrhea, Sister Howes' excruciating labor period and the baby born dead, Brother Howes' attack of fever, Brother Smiths' contraction of cholera morbus, then his attack of nervous fever, school statistics and individual teachers' duties. Elliot: Jan. 15, 1827.

43. Kingsbury's sadness at having failed God's purpose and will, and shame at his sinful nature, his hopes that Captain Folsom is not being unfriendly, but rather that the plan of the mission is wrong in Folsom's eyes. Mayhew: Aug. 15, 1826.

44. The unavailability of unintoxicated mechanics, and the possibility of purchasing rather than hiring slaves. Mayhew: Oct. 6, 1825.

45. The wish of Mr. Howe and Miss Hutchinson to marry. Mayhew: Sept. 28, 1825.

46. Elections within the mission.

47. Hopes of locating the school away from the areas in which there is much whiskey-drinking, the opposition given by Chiefs McCurtain and Cole, receipts from the year, the plans that chiefs have proposed to send their children into the states for their education and the adverse effects of this plan, the hope of Miles Marky of the Cornwall School that the Choctaws would establish a national academy, the need for a teacher. Mayhew: Aug. 8, 1825.

48. Inquiry as to how many youths should be sent to the school at Cornwall. Mayhew: Apr. 18, 1825.

49. David Wright's request that one of Mrs. Wright's sisters be allowed to join them on wages, impending death of Sister Hooper; the affairs of Major Pitchlynn, Mr. Wall, Mr. LeFlore, Mr. Ledbetter, Brother Chamberlain; the birth to the Kingsburys of a little boy, and an attached letter detailing resolutions adopted at Mayhew. Mayhew: May 13, 1825; Nov. 10, 1824.

51. Mr. Jewell's decision that his health isn't strong enough to maintain his job and that he would like to return to the North, the Choctaw treaty's provisions concerning the future of this school, current state of schools, Brother Bardwell's problems of asthma, Sister Burnham's feebleness, the need of an evangelist, Mr. LeFlore's decision to send his children back to Bethel, "some vile reports concerning us" appearing in a magazine. Mayhew: April 14, 1825.

52. Letter to the superintendent of schools of the Methodist Society, expression of the wish of the Presbyterians to establish churches in the Choctaw Nation and the assurances that they would not interfere with Methodist operations, and an invitation to visit. Mayhew: Jan. 28, 1825. To the Reverend William Winans.

53. Reasons for abandoning Bethany, affairs of Mr. Ledbetter, harsh letter from the U.S. Secretary of War, Mr. Jewell's wish to retire, desires that Byington attend the Mississippi Presbytery. Mayhew: Feb. 10, 1825.

54. The troublesome Mr. Ledbetter and his efforts to circumvent Kingsbury in his attempt to secure a teacher for the Coles' neighborhood. Choctaw Agency: Oct. 18, 1824.

55. Journal of the mission at Mayhew. Beginning notation is Oct. 20, 1820.


Folder 7. Correspondence and reports to Reverend Jeremiah Evarts, Secretary of the A.B.C.F.M., from Reverend Cyrus Kingsbury.

1. Bad health of J. Evarts, and the very good health of the Kingsburys. Elliot: Sept. 28, 1819.

2. Mr. Gleason's school, the postponing of school sessions at Mushoolatubbee's and the attitude of the same that Mushoolatubbee stole his teacher, and the unexpected difficulties at Elliot. Mayhew: July 17, 1824.

3. The chief's wishes that Mr. Gibbs return, a list of wrongs made, to which the chief promised to remedy with the exception of the item regarding the availability of liquor. Mayhew: July 29, 1824.

4. Agreement between Cyrus Kingsbury, representing the A.B.C.F.M., and Mingo Mooshulatubbee and Pushmataha and their warriors and captains, regarding schools. July 28, 1823.

5. Bethel mission, and an excerpt from a letter by McKinney regarding funding the schools.

6. Increasing the number of schools. Mayhew: Feb. 27, 1824.

7. Requests for more schools from Captain Cole and others, and unpleasant circumstances between LeFlore and brethren at Bethel: Mayhew: Jan. 13, 1824.

8. The prejudice against the missions throughout the nation, the safe arrival of the new staff with the exception of Mrs. Wright, the impending visit of Reverend Evarts. Mayhew: Jan. 6, 1824.

9. Cyrus' recovery from a serious fever, the hatred shown by Captain Cole and the announcement of his plans to withdraw his children from the missions, the plans of the chiefs to journey to Washington City to see their "Father the President." Mayhew: Oct. 9, 1823.

10. The journey of Cyrus, the small number of students at Mushoolatubbee's and Mr. Hadden's, Emmaus and Six Towns, the hiring of McKee Folsom as interpreter. Six Towns: July 26, 1823.

11. Death in Kingsbury's immediate family, arrival of Israel and McKee Folsom with Sister Burnham, an unproductive meeting with Cole concerning the schools at Elliot, the dismissal of plans by Brother Byington to go to the North. Mayhew: Dec. 31, 1822.

12. Bad state of the treasury, the new smith's shop, most persons at Elliot sick, Elliot's appraised value, Mr. Prides' plans to go to the North and marry. Mayhew: Oct. 16, 1821.

13. Consensus that more missionaries and assistants be sent to the Choctaw Nation immediately, the need of an evangelist at Mayhew, Brother Jewell's affairs. Mayhew: Aug. 19, 1822.

14. Acknowledgement of the receipt of supplies from the North, plus lists of additional needs. Sept. 9, 1823.

15. Pleasure at the liberal government aid received, the need of an official committee visit to thoroughly examine the Choctaw mission. Mayhew: Nov. 29, 1822.

16. Unavailability of Cole and his followers for a discussion, his neighbors' views that the school is managed well, the feeble health of the mission family, the demands of the Arkansas mission, death of Brother Parsons. Mayhew: July 25, 1822.

17. Thanks for the shipment of supplies, Wisner's and Frisell's marriage. Pigeon Roost: Jan. 9, 1822.

18. Arrival of the Remingtons, operations concerning Six Towns, expenses. Mayhew: Mar. 8, 1822.

19. Arrival of Brother Stewart. Mayhew: Feb. 20, 1822.

20. Listings of supplies contained in Dr. Worchester's baggage. Mayhew: Sept. 17, 1821.

21. The appointing of William Ward of Kentucky as agent of the U.S.A. to the Choctaws, the seriousness of the desperate financial situation and correspondence with the War Department concerning it, inquiries as to how to handle their situation. Mayhew: April 5, 1821.

22. Acknowledgement of supplies from Boston, thanks to Evarts for his interest in their affairs, Dr. Worchester's letter. Elliot: Aug. 3, 1820.

23. Arrival of Howes and Dyer, need of another missionary. Elliot: Aug. 3, 1820.

24. The new establishment at Tombigbee, difficulty of crossing rain-swollen creeks, Kingsbury's desires to delay the establishment of missions among the Chickasaws pending an answer to the inquiry by the Cumberland Presbytery. Pigeon Roost: Feb. 14, 1820.

25. Expenditures: Elliot: Dec. 15, 1819.

26. Need of further supplies. Choctaw Nation: Nov. 25, 1819.

27. Confusing situation of mail delivery, extract form letter by William Slocomb Marietta regarding supplies, plans of the Methodists to establish schools in the lower towns, and the need of the Presbyterians to accomplish it first. Elliot: Nov. 12, 1819.

28. Quarterly report ending Sept. 30, 1819. Submitted: Elliot: Oct. 20, 1819.

29. Quarterly report for the first quarter of 1819. Submitted: Elliot: July 21, 1819.

30. Partial letter; no date, no front page.

31. Postscript to the letter. Nov. 11, 1818.

32. Arrival of the missionaries safely. Yello Busha: Sept. 7, 1818.

33. Selection of a site for the school, tour of the Walnut Hills. Choctaw Agency: July 30, 1818.

34. Preparation for the establishment of the mission. Knoxville: Apr. 18, 1818.

35. Feeble health of Brother Remington, due to "liver complaint", his plans to leave, the naming of Mr. Williams' school as Bethany. Mayhew: Dec. 5, 1826.

36. Support for schools and missions in the Choctaw Nation. From David Folsom. Pigeon Roost: May 9, 1824.

37. Captain Smith's arrival and his heart problems, good things at Newell. Mayhew: June 8, 1822.

38. Death of Mrs. Kingsbury, Dr. Worchester assurances to the chiefs, need of additional persons, expansion of missions to the Six Towns. Mingo Mushulatubbee's: Oct. 7, 1822.

39. Need for medicine, need for various positions to be filled. Mayhew: Sept. 14, 1821.

40. Various sicknesses rampaging the missions, examining candidates for admissions to the church, Dr. Worchester's sickness, need of assistance at Mayhew. Elliot: Sept. 2, 1821.

41. Death of Sister A.U. Williams, death of the Williams' youngest child, message from the Secretary of War. Mayhew: Oct. 25, 1821.

42. Arrival of assistants Cushman and Hooper, list of donations from the hired men. Mayhew: Mar. 2, 1821.

43. Purchase of supplies, the refusal of the Secretary of War to approve the plans for new buildings, the families from Goshen. Mayhew: Jan. 22, 1821.

44. Visit of Dr. Worchester, difficulties in obtaining mechanics, Dr. Worchester's opinion that the work must not stop and his view that Kingsbury should go into the Mississippi to collect money, hope for government financial aid. Mayhew: May 14, 1821.

45. List of subscribers for the missionary Herald and the sending of flyers to these subscribers. Natchez: July 3, 1821.

46. The inability of the Board to financially support any further expenditures by the Indian missions, no money in the Mississippi country, the debt and precarious financial situation. Natchez: June 27, 1821.

47. Undecipherable. By Alfred Finnet. Elliot: 1820.

48. The dire financial problems of the missions and the ultimate threat of their closing. Elliot: June 26, 1820.

49. Introduction of Mr. Adam Hodgson of Liverpool and agent of the Church Missionary Society. Elliot: June 26, 1820

50. Supplies. Aok-tib-be-ha: Mar. 11, 1820.

51. Establishment of a second mission, Col. McKee's trip to Washington.

52. Site chosen for new establishment. Aok-tib-be-ha: Feb. 26, 1820.

53. Attendance of religious sessions by the Chiefs. Elliot: May 29, 1820.

54. Supplies, Dr. Pride's departure for New Orleans, finances current, no plans for school enlargement, and the number of missionaries. Elliot: Jan. 4, 1820.

55. Address to the "Chiefs, Brothers, and Warriors" concerning the missionaries' education efforts, the evils of whiskey. 1819.

56. Letter to Cyrus' wife Mrs. Kingsbury, from her sister Sarah. Brainerd: Nov. 1, 1818.

57. Hopes the volunteers from New Jersey will arrive, the urgent need of assistance, the organization and formation of the church. Elliot: Apr. 1, 1819.

58. Recovery from an attack of the bilious fever, supplies, subject of new buildings, and a listing of expenditures. Elliot: May 12, 1819.

59. Reasons behind the use of supplies by the missionaries. Yello Busha: Nov. 10, 1818.

60. Safe arrival at Yello Busha, the events in the travels such as the lack of lodging and the fording of rivers, and a report that the country is good. Yello Busha: June 23, 1818.

61. Sickness and affliction strike, Cyrus' contraction of dysentery and fever, and the illnesses of others. Yello Busha: Sept. 21, 1818.

62. General correspondence letter of 1819.


Folder 8. Miscellaneous

1. Reimbursement of the Board for its losses in the Old Choctaw Nation report on the value of Board buildings there, the original purpose of those missions and the joint venture with the United States, the President's approval of the missions, list of values of the seven missions. To: Honorable Elbert Heming of the Office of Indian Affairs in Washington City. Columbus: Feb. 3, 1835.

2. The leaving of the Board by Mr. Treat, the probability that if the Indians had been allowed to retain their identity as a race instead of being forced to change that they would have progressed, and the evils of slavery. Pine Ridge: Feb. 3, 1857.

3. Rules for the schools at Mayhew.

4. "Lessons of Boys for Examination." Mar. 18, 1826.

5. List and description of hired laborers at Mayhew. Apr. 12, 1826.

6. Status of the schools within the nation, changes of the mode of instruction in them. To: Thomas L. McKenney of the Office of Indian Affairs in Washington City. Mayhew: May 5, 1826.

7. Instructions to Cyrus telling him to teach the Indians English rather than their own language. To Cyrus Kingsbury from the Department of War: Apr. 10, 1826.

8. "An exposition of principles and practice designed to establish and perpetuate Christian fellowship in the Choctaw Mission."

9. Sixth annual report of the schools. Mayhew: Feb. 1826.

10. Report of the mission school at Goshen. July 1, 1824.

11. Fifth annual report of the schools. Mayhew: Oct. 1824.

12. Seventh annual report of the schools. Mayhew: Oct. 2, 1826.

13. Choctaws being a Christian nation, and the defenses of this reasoning. Pine Ridge: Mar. 11, 1861.

14. Listing of supplies--partial.

15. Listing of supplies of Mayhew and Elliot.

16. List of books printed in the Choctaw language.

17. Annual report (fifth) for the year ending Sept. 30, 1823. Mayhew: Oct. 1823.

18. Financial listing by district.

19. List of persons having been members of the Choctaw Mission, with the time they entered and when they died.

20. Description of missions schools system and its mode of instruction. Mayhew: Mar. 3, 1824.

21. Incomplete listing of finances by mission.

22. Teaching plan and progress of individual students. Mayhew: May 4, 1824.

23. List of boys at Mayhew and their record of attendance and progress. 1822.

24. Report of beneficiaries of Mayhew. Apr. 22, 1824.

25. Annual report of the Chuahla Female Seminary for the year ending June 30, 1845. Pine Ridge: July 28, 1945.

26. List of donations received. Mayhew: Aug. 22, 1822.

27. Personal expenses of the members of the mission at Mayhew. Listed by family.

28. Personal expenses of the members of the mission at Mayhew. Listed by family.

29. Report of the male school at Mayhew for the year ending July 13, 1829.

30. History and report of the church at Mayhew: 1828.

31. Tenth annual report of the schools in the Choctaw Nation. Mayhew: Oct. 1828.

32. Prosperity among the missions, the abolition of "habitual intemperance," and technological and social progress of the Choctaws. Mayhew: Jan. 28, 1829.

33. Petition to the Presbytery for a teacher. 1851.

34. Petition in Choctaw for a missionary at Goodland, presented at Pine Ridge: Feb. 24, 1848.

35. Translation of a petition from the Yoshu settlement for an ordained missionary. Yoshu Creek: Apr. 2, 1855.

36. Ruination of the entire station by a tornado, amount of injuries and of destruction. Pine Ridge: Mar. 28, 1848.

37. Annual report for the year ending July 15, 1846. Pine Ridge: Aug. 6, 1846.

38. Annual report of the Choctaw Mission for 1850.

39. "The confusions and desolations of war have reached us here," and the ordering away of troops from Fort Towson and its effects upon Cyrus' congregation because of the "War in Texas." Pine Ridge: May 9, 1846.

40. Visit of Board Secretary Treat and the honors thereof, slavery, the separation of the mission from the Board. To the Prudential Committee. ca. Apr. 14, 1849.

41. The journal of Missions and the death of Sister Harriet Goulding.

42. The offering of $666 yearly salary to Cyrus and his refusal to accept it. Aug. 12, 1817.

43. Report of the school at Elliot for 1820. Pigeon Roost: Jan. 2, 1821.

44. "General Remarks" regarding the various schools and their instruction. 1823.

45. Journal of the mission at Mayhew for 1822.

46. Journal of the mission at Mayhew for 1822. Continued.

47. Journal of the mission at Mayhew for 1822. Continued.

48. Progress of the scholars and in what studies and fields. Mayhew: July 5, 1825.

49. Report of the school at Mr. Jwyans.

50. Article: "Religion Among the Choctaws," By C.C. Copeland of Goodland, Choctaw Nation. Apr. 18, 1857.

51. Article: "The A.B.C.F.M. and the Choctaw Nation," also Stoney Bend's closing.

52. Statement of the Prudential Committee of Sept. 1851. Re: slavery, slaveholders.

53. Statement to the Prudential Committee regarding: the mission's neutrality on the issue of slavery. Signed by Cyrus Kingsbury, A. Wright, C. Byington, E. Hotchkins, C.C. Copeland, D. Breed, H.H. Copeland, D.H. Winship, J.C. Strong. Norwalk, Choctaw Nation: Mar. 31, 1848.

54. Statement of the Prudential Committee in relation to its correspondence with the Cherokee and Choctaw Missions. Read before the Board at Pittsfield. Sept. 1849.

55. Principles supported by the Choctaw Mission concerning: slavery, privation of liberty, etc. Apr. 1855.

56. Termination of all connection between the Board and the missions. To the Choctaw Mission from S.B. Treat. Also attached: No need for separation of the missions from the Board. To: S.B. Treat. Yakni Okchaya: Dec. 24, 1858.

57. Minutes of a meeting. Wheelock: June 7, 1859.

58. "Suggestions on the letter," ideas for a response to the Board letter, probably inventory item number 56. 1859.


Folder 9: Correspondence and reports to and from various people and Cyrus Kingsbury.

1. Hiring laborers from the North, Mrs. Kingsbury's overload of labors. To Henry Hill of Boston from C.K. Mayhew: June 21, 1827.

2. Acknowledging the Board's need of information from the Missions. Mayhew: Mar. 24, 1829.

3. Wronging black men of their wages, Mr. Potter the "stern unbending abolitionist who would rather die than do anything to uphold negro slavery," ransoming a black man. To Rev. J. Blanchard of Galesburg, Illinois from C.K. Pine Ridge: May 25, 1847.

4. Slavery, and slavery within the missions. Pine Ridge: May 31, 1845.

5. Religious proceedings, and abolitionism. Mount Pleasant: Mar. 13, 1848.

6. Folsom's accusation that C.K. is an abolitionist, Mr. Strong's abolition stance, C.K.'s hopes for getting along with Mr. Wright, accusation that C.K. is a northerner with northern attitudes which will never change. By Israel Folsom to C.K. Fort Washita: May 1, 1848. Response to Folsom's letter. Near Pine Ridge: June 12, 1848.

7. Extract of a letter from a letter from Mr. William Slocomb, representative of the American Missionary Society who discredits the A.B.C.F.M. and especially C.K., portraying C.K. as a slave holder and buyer and seller of slaves. To C.K. from Marietta: July 14, 1848. C.K.'s response to Slocomb and a point-by-point and complete rebuttal of the accusations, plus a detailed history of C.K.'s every involvement with blacks, indentured or otherwise. Fort Towson: Aug. 8, 1848. C.K.'s letter to S.B. Treat regarding the above, Mr. Strong's denial. Fort Towson: Aug. 22, 1848.

8. History of C.K.'s history of dealings with blacks, and his views concerning slavery, in answer to yet another inquiry. To Rev. J. Blanchard of Galesburg, Illinois. Pine Ridge: Feb. 27, 1847.

9. History of C.K.'s history of dealings with blacks, and his views concerning slavery, in answer to yet another inquiry. Pine Ridge: Dec. 25, 1844.

10. Wish to join another church due to the bad feelings toward Cyrus Kingsbury, from Israel Folsom to Cyrus Kingsbury. Mineral Bayou: Dec. 20, 1847. Response to Folsom and history of Cyrus Kingsbury's dealings with Folsom. Pine Ridge: Jan. 3, 1848. The right of ministers to denounce laws such as the one permitting the selling and buying of slaves if it runs contrary to the laws of God. Pine Ridge: Apr. 8, 1848.

11. The employment of black laborers at the mission. Mostly unreadable. Jan. 24, 1837.

12. Bad reports concerning Brother Hotchkin, the school trustee's action to suspend the school at Goodwater because of them, the untruthfulness of reports. By the Committee on Missions; Cyrus Kingsbury, Cyrus Byington. Pine Ridge: Dec. 14, 1853.

13. The withdrawing of the Choctaw Mission by the Prudential Committee and bad words about Mr. Treat, and the negligence of the Prudential Committee to honor the Hotchkins and a demand for a reason for this. From J.P. Kingsbury (son of Cyrus Kingsbury) Doaksville: Aug. 18, 1859.

14. The board's hostility to the mission unjust, the problems of Dr. Bacon's report as adopted by the Board at Detroit, and its unfair accusations that its missionaries have departed morality, the impossibility of transferring the missions to the Foreign Missionary Board, Kingsbury's suggestion that the Board drop the missions immediately due to the fact the Board is so sure they are hindering the Gospel. To Rev. Mark Slopkins, D.D. Pine Ridge: Jan. 10, 1859.

15. A visit to Captain Folsom to investigate reports of bad feelings, his reception and Folsom's feelings that Cyrus should resign, the replacement of Cole by Greenwood LeFlore. Mayhew: July 24, 1826.

16. Response to statements made by Cole and McCurtain and a history of relations with them. Mayhew: Aug. 17, 1825.

17. The naming of children by Mission staff. To Rufus Anderson. Mayhew: June 24, 1825.

18. Death of Mrs Hooper. Mayhew: June 27, 1825.

19. The attending of a council called to deal with bad reports about the missionaries, the chief, and Captain Folsom. Council Ground: May 10, 1823.

20. Illegible. From David Folsom to Major D.W. Haley. Chahta Nation: Dec. 4, 1829.

21. Journal for Mayhew: beginning date, 1823.

22. Extract from journal kept at Mayhew; beginning date, 1822.

23. Incomplete letter from journal at Mayhew. 1822.

24. Incomplete letter from journal at Mayhew.

25. Incomplete letter from journal at Mayhew.

26. Incomplete letter from journal at Mayhew.

27. Instruction within the schools and consternation over the scholars being "called away to work." From Joel Wood to Cyrus Kingsbury. Elliot: Apr. 12, 1822.

28. The correctness of observations by Tyeman and Prennet and the need to change some aspects of the educational system, the hiring of Mr. Hadden of Kentucky, the school. Pigeon Roost: June 12, 1823.

29. Memoranda note concerning misplaced financial credit. 1821.

30. Journey to New Orleans and Natchez and expenses of the trip. Mrs. Claiborn's near Natchez: Jan. 12, 1819.

31. Report that induced some parents to take away their children, local prejudice against Father Hoyt, the mission is in imminent danger. Yello Busha: Nov. 28, 1818.

32. Incomplete letter. Re: Brother Hall and accounts from Brainerd, petitions to the Board to replace Brother Hoyt.

33. Major John Pitchlynn's donation to Mayhew of $1000, journey to Brainerd. To Samuel Hubbard from Cyrus Kingsbury. Russelville, Arkansas: Apr. 26, 1822.

34. 30 children sick at once. Elliot: Feb. 8, 1820.

35. Safe return from journey, Miss Varnum's marriage to Cyrus Kingsbury on Christmas Eve, and their trip. Elliot, on Yello Busha: Feb. 2, 1819.

36. The departure of Miss Varnum en route, the attendance at and address to the formation of a Choctaw aid society, and its decision to ally with the A.B.C.F.M. New Orleans: Dec. 21, 1818.

37. Location of Koonsha and Chiwalla Female seminaries, possibility of a school at the Hotchkin's. Pine Ridge: June 27, 1843.

38. Illegible. From Zeddack Brashers. June 21, 1828. Macumber's conduct, and an offer to say nothing more on the subject pending receipt of $500. To Cyrus Kingsbury from Col. LeFlore: Northwest District: Aug. 8, 1828.

39. Offer to return nephews and nieces to the mission again. Petition from Robert Cole. June 6, 1821.

40. Infanticide practiced by Choctaw women, request for a school to be put in the neighborhood of Six Towns. Six Towns: Oct. 18, 1822.

41. Poems from students at Mayhew, and a letter from a student named Susannah Nail acknowledging receipt of a gift of cloth. Mayhew School: June 24, 1826.

42. Plan (blueprint style) of Mayhew.

43. Hopes that peace may be restored, the faring of the missions during the War, location of troops in the neighborhood, difficulty of getting supplies with Confederate money, Kingsbury's performance as chaplain to the headquarters of the Indian District which had been located very close by, the death of Mrs. Kingsbury, the status of the deposits made in the North by Kingsbury before the war, and his thoughts on eternity. Pine Ridge: June 21, 1865.

44. The extension of financial support. To Cyrus Kingsbury in Washington, Rhea County, East Tennessee. From Jeremiah Evarts. Charleston: Dec. 21, 1816.

45. The departure for New Orleans of Miss Varnum, Sarah, Miss Chase, and Col. Dix. To Cyrus Kingsbury. Boston: Nov. 25, 1818.

46. Photocopy of article from The Republic regarding the Indian Territory and slavery within.

47. Mr. Reid, and the wish that those who have money would give it. To Reverend J. Leighton Wilson. Pine Ridge: Feb. 12, 1858.

48. Col. Pitchlynn's hopes that Spencer Academy might be placed under the control of the Assembly's Board of Foreign Missions of New York. To Walter Lowe of that body. Pine Ridge: Jan. 7, 1846.

49. A letter from Monrovia, Liberia concerning Uncle Simon Harrison being transported to Liberia with the aid of the Colonization Society. To Reverend J. Leighton Wilson. Pine Ridge: Jan. 15, 1856.

50. Thoughts of Lexington and Louisville and the prospect of missions there, and the lack of interest there. To Reverend J. Leighton Wilson. Pine Ridge: Mar. 15, 1858.

51. Photocopy of The Presbyterian Quarterly for 1889.

52. Typescripts of letters, attached. Re: desires of the War Department to civilize the Indians. To Walter Lowrie. Office of Indian Affairs: July 7, 1848.

53. Copy of "An act prohibiting free negroes from residing in the nation," to be effective Mar. 1841.

54. Chart showing the missions churches and the number of slaves, slaveowners, and free blacks within.

55. Message of the chief, refusal of the Choctaws to comply with the dictation of the American Missionary Board, Declaration of Southern Principles, favorable reception of Mr. Johnson's Territorial Bill.

56. Incomplete documents.

57. Incomplete letter dealing with the receiving of aid from the Southern Aid Society.

58. Financial expenditures of Cyrus Kingsbury's son, and his forced stay until after the close of the war. Pine Ridge: Sept. 24, 1886.

59. The hasty departure of several missionaries for their homes in the North, and the wish of others to leave also, state of civil government in the nation and its confused relations with border states. To Walter Lowrie. Pine Ridge: June 18, 1861.

60. Illegible. From Israel Folsom to Reverend D. Green. Blue: Mar. 18, 1846.

61. Letter to the Ceylon (Sri Lanka) mission regarding future correspondence. Mayhew: June 24, 1826.

62. Diary of Sue McBeth. Goodwater: Apr. 11, 1860.

63. Article: "Presbyterian Missions School Among the Choctaws and Chickasaw."

64. Funds to help Alexander High School in Monrovia, Liberia, and of George Freeman who died of cholera en route to Liberia. To William Rankin. Pine Ridge: May 25, 1868.

65. Funds to help Alexander High School in Monrovia, Liberia. To William Rankin. Pine Ridge: Apr. 3, 1867.

66. Donation by a freed black to help spread the Gospel among blacks, and the estate of Uncle Simon. To William Rankin. Pine Ridge: Jan. 8, 1867.

67. Inquiries as to whether the Colonization Society still exists, as Kingsbury would like to donate the estate of a deceased black man. Pine Ridge in care of Paris, Texas: Jan. 5, 1866.


Folder 10. Correspondence and reports to Reverend Samuel Worcester, Correspondence Secretary of the A.B.C.F.M., from Reverend Cyrus Kingsbury.

1. Need for additional funds. Elliot: July 10, 1820.

2. Appropriations by the Choctaws to support the missions, plans for a school at Six Towns, and character requirements of missionaries sent. Elliot: May 5, 1820.

3. Occupation of the Chickasaw Nation by the Methodists, a good friend in Captain Folsom. Signed: Cyrus Kingsbury, L. Williams, M. Jewell, Isaac Fisk, William Pride. Elliot: Dec. 20, 1819.

4. Death of Mr. Worchester, need of aid and funds, death of the Cushman's eldest son, bad feelings toward the missionaries, friends in Captain Folsom and Major Pitchlynn, death of the Cushman's youngest son, letter of Brother Byington, various financial transactions. To Jeremiah Evarts. Mayhew: July 16, 1821.

5. The problem that not every good person is suitable to be a missionary among the Indians. Oct. 9, 1820. report on a Session of treaty negotiations. Treaty Ground: Oct. 16, 1820.

6. The resignation of Peter Kanouse and his return to the North, the candidacy of Israel Folsom for Foreign Mission School. Yello Busha: Oct. 3, 1818.

7. Large cessions of Choctaw land to the U.S., General Jackson's request for Kingsbury's signature. Treaty Ground: Oct. 18, 1820.

8. Death of George Beckwith of the fever, and treaty with the Choctaws. Elliot: Sept. 20, 1820.

9. The mind of a missionary. June 21, 1820.

10. Appropriation of the chiefs in the Lower Towns for a school, and a meeting with the Methodist Society. Pigeon Roost: Dec. 4, 1819.

11. Rapid expansion of western missions, and the proper attitudes which are necessary. Near Big Black: Nov. 24, 1819.

12. Incomplete letter. Re: journey from the Hills, Miss Chase' accidental plunge into swollen creek.

13. Safe arrival in New Orleans, the marriage of Brother Kingsbury and Miss Varnum. From Judith Chase. New Orleans: Dec. 28, 1818. Thanks for the kindness shown Sarah Varnum, the happy marriage and the attendance of many pious friends. From Cyrus Kingsbury. New Orleans: Dec. 28, 1818.

14. Arrival at Yello Busha, location of new establishment, introduction to Col. McKee, availability of whiskey. Choctaw Agency: July 30, 1818.

15. Letter of inquiry sent to the Choctaw Agency, Col. John McKee, for his advice concerning where and how to establish the missions, and his answer. Chickamaugah: Mar. 18, 1818.

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